Josh Makin's Sweet Page

Josh Makin's Contribution to the ECHO PROJECT:

“In contrast, the conceptualization of how fairness judgments occur in equity
theory appears to accord with the behaviors of prosocials. For example, according
to equity theory, people do not want to be either over-rewarded or under-rewarded
for their contributions relative to comparison others” (Anderson & Patterson, 2008, pg.3).

Anderson, W. & Patterson, M. (2008). Effects of social value orientations on fairness judgments. Journal of Social Psychology. 148(2). 223-246. Retrieved on September 30, 2008 from:

“Individuals compare their own ratio of outcomes and inputs to their assessments of their partner’s outcomes and input. Equitable relationships exist when the ratio of rewards to costs is equal for both partners. If one partner’s ration of rewards to costs is higher, then that partner is said to be over benefited” (Stafford & Canary, 2006, pg.3).

Stafford, L. & Canary, D. (2006). Equity and interdependence as predictors of relational maintenance strategies. Journal of Family Communication. 6(4), 227-254. Retrieved on September 30, 2008 from:

“There is a duty on employers not to treat a person less favourably for either reason. But whereas discriminating against an employee cannot be justified on grounds of disability, it may be justifiable for reasons related to disability. The upshot is that dismissal for poor attendance or long-term sickness absence may be justified in law. However, the law may require, among other things, that employers consider the feasibility of so-called "reasonable adjustments" to accommodate individuals whose fitness for work is compromised in some way“ (Riddel, Silcos, Timms, Manons, Woollatt & Payne, 2008, p. 1).

Riddel, R., Silcos, S., Timms, A., Manons, J., Woollatt, C., & Payne, W. (2008). Employment law and the BPS model of occupational ill health. Occupational Health. 60(4), 28-28. Retrieved on Thursday, September 25, 2008 from:


The Power of Business Values

A value is a belief, a mission, or a philosophy that is really meaningful to the company. An example of a business value is: "Customer Satisfaction." Another example of a value is "Being Ethical and Truthful." Every company has one or more values, whether they are consciously aware of it or not. Another way of saying it is that a value is a statement of the company's intention and commitment to achieve a high level of performance on a specific QUALITATIVE factor.

In many recent business management books and journals, developing, adopting, and implementing values has been identified as perhaps the single key in the success of many high growth, high profit companies. A passion for a value and its implementation into the daily activities of work was identified by many as the single key to their business success.
For example, Merck, the pharmaceutical company became so successful in its field because the company was so dedicated to the value of "high quality and purity of its drug products". Because of this perceived value, distributors felt secure carrying Merck products, and felt confident recommending the products to their customers.

If we examine most companies, we will find a particular value propelled it to success. Here are some examples:

— Sears's commitment to customer trust (any product could be returned with a money back guarantee from rural areas in the 19th century).
— Apple Computer's and its belief in the values of ease of use and service to society (Apple created the Macintosh computer to end people's fear of the computer).
— Marriott's values of systemization and standardization (which enabled it to seamlessly duplicate its standard model hotel hundreds of times across the country).

What a Value Consists of
When defining a value for your company, it's a good idea to try to describe it in detail. For example, a company may adopt the value "Customer Delight." That's the value's name. The description for the value could be something like: "We recognize that in today’s highly competitive market providing excellent service is not sufficient to satisfy customers and ensure their loyalty. Our goal is to convert the customer’s interaction with our company into a thoroughly and unforgettably enjoyable experience." You are describing how the value can uplift a company in general, or your company in particular.

Retrieved on Monday, September 15 2008 from:


Galatians 3:28

"There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus."

This verse clarifies that in the eyes of our Father, we are not different people, with different races and sexes. Rather, we are all humans, one body, created in His likeness.

Psalm 18:31-33

“Indeed, who is God besides the Lord? Who is a protector besides our God? The one true God gives me strength; He removes the obstacles in my way. He gives me the agility of a deer; he enables me to negotiate the rugged terrain.”

Psalm 27:14

Rely on the Lord! Be strong and confident! Rely on the Lord!”

Psalms is a beautiful book of praises, songs, and inspirational knowledge passed on to us from David’s life. His words are uplifting, and encouraging. They motivate us as we read through Psalms and see God’s power, perfect, and divinity.

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